Richard Pajerski Software development and consulting

Entries tagged [domino]

Notes/Domino 14 FP1

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Tuesday April 16, 2024 at 05:17PM in Technology


Fixpack 1 for both Notes 14 client and Domino 14 server are now available: https://my.hcltechsw.com/downloads

Release notes: https://support.hcltechsw.com/csm?id=kb_article&sysparm_article=KB0112431



Three easy-to-use Java 17 features in Notes/Domino 14

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Tuesday December 19, 2023 at 03:14PM in Technology


As I mentioned previously, having Java 17 available with the latest release of Notes/Domino has brought welcome changes for Java developers.  Just to scratch the surface a bit, here are three language-level niceties that we can immediately benefit from:


1.  Simplified access to file contents
2.  Local-variable type inference (var identifier)
3.  Text blocks


1.  Simplified access to file contents
Java has been (in)famous for offering a number of ways to open/read and write/close files.  As of Java 11, perhaps the simplest way to get text out of a file is:

Files.readString(Path p);



A two-liner in a local Java agent on a Windows 11 client:


import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;

import lotus.domino.*;

public class JavaAgent extends AgentBase {

    public void NotesMain() {

      try {

          Path p = Paths.get("C:\\Windows\\System32\\drivers\\etc\\hosts");
          System.out.println(Files.readString(p)); 
      } catch(Exception e) {
          e.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
}

Javadoc:  https://docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/17/docs/api/java.base/java/nio/file/Files.html#readString(java.nio.file.Path)


2.  Local-variable type inference (var identifier)

The var type identifier has been available since Java 10 and is intended to help reduce "boilerplate" code:

import lotus.domino.*;

public class JavaAgent extends AgentBase {

    public void NotesMain() {

      try {

         var s = getSession();
         var db = s.getCurrentDatabase();
         System.out.println("Db title: " + db.getTitle());

                /* Contrast:
                     Session s = getSession();
                     Database db = s.getCurrentDatabase();
                   */

      } catch(Exception e) {
          e.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
}

More: Using the Var Type Identifier


3.  Text blocks
In Java 15, Text Blocks were introduced.  In a more developed application, it's probably a better idea to store strings and text outside of source code, especially if they need to be regularly modified.  But using text blocks can be a time saver for quick testing, demos, etc. and provide improved source readability.

import lotus.domino.*;

public class JavaAgent extends AgentBase {

    public void NotesMain() {

      try {

         var textBlock = """

                Using text blocks in Java source

                code simplifies text formatting

                and improves readability!

                """;


         System.out.println(textBlock);


      } catch(Exception e) {
          e.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
}


Note: To use these features, remember to adjust your compiler levels appropriately:


New context-specific Notes 14 client preferences options -- nice touch!

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Thursday December 07, 2023 at 01:13PM in Technology


Notes 14 is now GA and an improved listing of the Notes "Additional options" (File > Preferences > Basic Notes Client Configuration) is an unexpected but very welcome feature!

Previously, all options were in one long list and so the context where each one applied was not always clear.  Now a categorical description precedes each option entry:




Nice touch, HCL and thank you!


Domino/Notes 14 and Java in the client

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Wednesday July 26, 2023 at 01:25PM in Technology


Those who have been programming with Java in Notes/Domino over the years will be pleased to learn of the move from Java 8.x to Java 17 which is planned for the next release of ND 14 at the end of the year.  The version gap is rather stark and indeed a lot has changed.  One nice summary of the changes between the two version can be found at The Java Almanac here:  https://javaalmanac.io/jdk/17/apidiff/8/.

I've yet to explore the impact to the ND world in any detail but will try to cover that in some future posts.  A particular area of interest for me that's still "unresolved" is how HCL intends to treat Java applets.  Here I mean applets embedded in Notes client applications, not for use in web browsers.  Applets were deprecated for removal in Java 17 and of course have long been out of use in web browsers.  But will HCL continue to support their use in the Notes client and if so, for how long?


Possible bug with triggered NSFDBHOOK events in DOTS (on Windows 2019)

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Friday December 23, 2022 at 01:13PM in Technology


[February 2023 update: DOTS follow-up, SPR for applet bug]

I recently took advantage of DOTS being back in the Domino 12 server, to replace a Java agent with a scheduled DOTS tasklet and have been pleased with the results.  Using tasklets is generally going to be far more efficient than using Java agents in Domino since a JVM is loaded once with the DOTS server task and remains resident in memory until the DOTS task is stopped whereas with each agent invocation a new instance of the JVM is started.  There are other benefits to using tasklets over Java agents which I may take up in a future post but for the moment, I've run across an issue on a Windows 2019 server installation.

Although the deployment above uses a scheduled tasklet, I was originally hoping to use the triggered NSFDBHOOK events in order to capture some document saves in (more/less) real time.  But while testing on Windows 2019, I noticed that the HOOK_EVENT_NOTE_UPDATE and HOOK_EVENT_NOTE_OPEN events were not being emitted at all or only very infrequently.  I had earlier tested the same tasklet on a Domino installation on a Windows 8.1 client and the events fired more/less as expected.  Aside from the OS difference, everything about the Domino installations was identical -- with one exception: the Domino program installation directory on the Windows client had no spaces but the Windows server was installed in the default C:\Program<space>Files\HCL directory.  Sure enough, after reinstalling Domino on the Windows 2019 server without the space (specifically in C:\Domino), events began firing again.  HCL has also reproduced this and may open an SPR.

In the meantime, after working a bit more with those NSF hook events, my impression is that they are not altogether reliable -- or at least, there doesn't appear to be a one-to-one correlation with each document save/open and a DOTS-generated event.  Some document saves/opens never fire an event.  The source code for the older versions of DOTS is on openntf.org here: https://stash.openntf.org/projects/DOTS/repos/dots/browse/sources but I'm not sure if this is the same code being shipped with the Domino 12 server (though I assume it's pretty close).

If I'm looking in the right place, lines 79 and 80 of the postMessage method (https://stash.openntf.org/projects/DOTS/repos/dots/browse/sources/dotsNSFHook.cpp), have:

STATUS error = MQOpen(queueName, 0, &dotsmq);
 if ( error == NOERROR ){

where DOTS presumably intercepts the necessary events from an internal Domino queue.  But what if there *are* errors here?  Will our DOTS tasklets ever know about them?  Maybe errors are unlikely here but perhaps this is the source of some missed events.


Java applets in Notes 64-bit client not loading

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Wednesday December 21, 2022 at 07:17PM in Technology


[February 2023 update: DOTS follow-up, SPR for applet bug]

For the first time in the history of Notes, HCL last month released a fully supported 64-bit version of the Notes standard, Domino Designer and Domino Administrator clients with release 12.0.2.  Overall I've found it to be more stable and certainly faster than its 32-bit counterpart and so I now use it regularly.  However, it's not without its issues with reports popping up here and here.  And I have another to add: Java applets won't load in the 12.0.2 64-bit client.  I submitted a ticket to HCL and they could reproduce this so they're preparing an SPR.

A notable aspect of this bug is that there are no error logs (that I could find) to indicate something's wrong.  Nothing in the Java Debug console, the IBM_TECHNICAL_SUPPORT folder, log.nsf, etc.  You will see the Java coffee cup but I think most end users will not immediately interpret it as a problem:



This issue is probably not an inconvenience for most deployments since Java applets were never widely implemented in Notes (in my experience).  But where applets are used, they can bring quite a bit of power (e.g. custom interfaces for any third-party system with a Java API -- databases, message queues and so on).  The good news is that applets do still work in 32-bit Notes 12.0.2 and will likely be supported in Notes as long as Java 8 remains the default runtime.



Traveler 12 expired APNS certificates

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Wednesday December 21, 2022 at 03:07PM in Technology


It looks like the expiration date for APNS p12 certificates that shipped with Traveler 12.0.1 was on or about December 19, 2022.  If you have a Traveler 12.0.1 (November 2021) installation and started seeing Domino console messages similar to:

[1034:0002-1038] 12/21/2022 01:38:08 PM  Traveler: SEVERE <User> Unable to get the PushNotificationResponse for apnsId null Exception Thrown...


on or after that date, the resolution is to apply Traveler 12.0.1 Fix Pack 2 which includes new APNS p12 certificates that expire in September 2023.  Until that fixpack gets applied (or you upgrade to Traveler 12.0.2 which also contains updated certificates), iOS users will no longer receive notifications of new email on their devices.

More here:  What's new in Traveler 12.0.1 Fix Pack 2?


Brief overview of modern (2021) server-side development landscape in Domino

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Thursday October 07, 2021 at 08:21PM in Technology


Among the technical reasons Domino has enjoyed longevity in the application server market are its stability and reliability.  But of course technology changes rapidly and being able to successfully adapt to new trends has also kept Domino relevant over the years.  Striking a balance between trendy and relevant is not always obvious but the stewards of Domino have generally taken a conservative approach to introducing and supporting new technology which continues to benefit the product in the immediate and long term.

Very briefly then, beyond the tried-and-true world of Notes client server application development, let's look at three modern technology options developers can choose from in 2021:

1.  Domino AppDev Pack (https://doc.cwpcollaboration.com/appdevpack/docs/en/homepage.html)

From the site:  "The AppDev Pack primarily adds Node.js support to HCL Domino Server."

So developers already familiar with or wanting to explore the JavaScript-centric Node.js have a custom-designed set of tools for programmatically and securely accessing Domino applications and data.


2.  Domino REST API (Project Keep) (https://opensource.hcltechsw.com/domino-keep-docs/)

From the site: "Domino REST API is designed to re-establish Domino as a world class, modern, standards-compliant, cloud native and enterprise-level collaboration platform. It adds contemporary REST APIs to Notes and Domino, enabling a modern programming experience with the tools of your choice."

This is still in beta but will hopefully be out in Domino 12.0.1 later this fall.  Domino has for many years had the ability to offer data via a REST API (Domino Access Services) but Keep modernizes that effort by implementing (among other things) OpenAPI and JWT Authorization.  In addition, developers will be able to introduce their own server-side modules called "verticles" as Keep runs on top of Vert.x.


3.  Tasklets with DOTS - Domino OSGi Tasklet Service (https://help.hcltechsw.com/domino/12.0.0/admin/wn_dotsredux.html)

From the documentation: "DOTS is a generic Domino add-in task that lets users create Domino server tasks by creating a tasklet container using Java OSGi plugins."

Ok, this is not exactly modern -- DOTS was an OpenNTF project that's been available since Domino 8.5.3.  Although officially dropped in the Domino 10/11 era it was recently updated and re-introduced in Domino 12.

Strictly-speaking, DOTS is the Domino server task that manages the tasklets which are Java server-side plugins.  Tasklets use a standard mechanism for starting/stopping (OSGi-defined) which makes them similar to Java agents but have the additional benefits of (a) not being tied to a specific .nsf file, (b) not requiring a full JVM reload on every execution and (c) better access to the Domino C API.


How are you developing Domino server-side code these days?


Notes client pegs one logical processor at 15%

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Friday June 18, 2021 at 03:38PM in Technology


Having recently installed a Notes/Designer/Admin 12 client on Windows 8.1 Pro on an aging Intel i7 Quad-Core (with eight logical processors), I was surprised to see that after startup, Notes was consistently grabbing one logical processor and pegging it at around 15%.  Windows Task Manager showed that nlnotes.exe was the process and it wouldn't let go of that processor until Notes was closed:



Notes, Designer and Admin clients all worked fine and interaction with local- and server-based applications was normal.  Without giving it too much thought, I tried a few things like removing cache.ndk, stopping a couple Notes-related services and making sure the preference "Enable scheduled local agents" was disabled.

But none of that worked and strangely, Disk and Network utilization were both at 0%:



The client was set up in the normal way by connecting to a Domino server with an existing mail file on the server.  However, this workstation needed to use a Location that sends and receives mail from a POP3 server instead of Domino.  For that purpose I used an existing names.nsf that already had Account and Locations documents in place.  All of that connectivity worked and the mail flowed normally.

The next step was internet search but nothing obvious jumped out and most references to similar problems ended with Notes client crashes which I was not experiencing.

The Location document for this POP3 configuration kicks off replication and runs it every 10 minutes.  I noticed that after starting the client, there was a gap of a few seconds where the nlnotes.exe process was at 0% and didn't go up to 15% until replication started (and then stayed there).  Thinking the culprit was the Replicator, I disabled replication and restarted Notes... but nlnotes.exe was back to 15%!

But this time I could clearly see that process spiked when "Notes configuration settings have been refreshed" scrolled across the Status bar:


Based on that message and the fact that a POP3 configuration like this is not commonly used, I kept pursuing the Location document as the source of the problem.  And the problem was indeed there.

When you configure the Notes client for POP3 mail retrieval, only the "Mail" tab of the Location document needs to be filled out:



The "Servers" tab can remain empty -- and that was the problem!  At a minimum, the "Home/mail server" field MUST have some value in it to calm down the processor:

It doesn't matter if the server is down or the value entered isn't even a Domino server -- nlnotes.exe will report that the server is not responding but it leaves the processor alone after that:



Ok, problem solved, back to work.  :-)


Congratulations Ray Ozzie - 2021 Computer History Museum Fellow Award

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Saturday March 20, 2021 at 11:16PM in Technology


Ray Ozzie is among the 2021 Computer History Awards honorees recognized "For a lifetime of work in collaborative software and software entrepreneurship".

https://computerhistory.org/press-releases/chm-honors-tech-legends-for-lifetime-of-contributions-and-impact-on-humanity/

A virtual event took place to honor Ray on March 18, 2021 and will be generally available in the coming days.  Thank you, Mr. Ozzie for your contribution to computer history!





One additional little feature...

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Friday March 12, 2021 at 12:43PM in Technology


In an effort to cover some specific cases, a minor feature was just added to CertMatica (3.6.0) to automate copying LE certificates to additional locations on the server's file system.

The idea is to allow Domino to share the LE certificate with one or more services running on the same machine (such as a reverse proxy like Nginx or an alternate SMTP service) without further manual intervention.


CertMatica 3.6.0

CertMatica 3.6.0 Trial



CertMatica 3.5.1 - important note for Domino 9.x and 10.x servers

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Friday March 05, 2021 at 08:53PM in Technology


First of all, a big "Thank you!" to all CertMatica customers!

Just out this week, CertMatica 3.5.1 is a maintenance release with simplified switching between Let's Encrypt test and production modes and minor improvements to logging and documentation.  However, for those running on earlier versions of Domino 9.x and 10.x servers, this release also includes an important update to the CertMatica Cacerts Utility which can be used to address potential connectivity errors caused by missing or expired intermediate certificates in the Domino JVM truststore (cacerts).  For information on Let's Encrypt infrastructure changes related to this update see https://letsencrypt.org/2019/04/15/transitioning-to-isrg-root.html.

As always, feedback and commentary is always greatly appreciated!


New product for Domino keyrings: Aperture

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Monday July 20, 2020 at 11:23AM in Technology



Since many development and administrative tasks in Notes/Domino can conveniently be carried out with great front-end tools like Domino Designer or Administrator, it can sometimes be inconvenient when we're required to use the command line or terminal to get things done.  Working with Domino keyrings is a case in point and one of the reasons why I developed Aperture.

Aperture is a lightweight desktop application that allows you to work with those .kyr files without having to resort to the command line.  It works with both the KYRTool and OpenSSL to allow you to visually create keyrings, view their contents, create Certificate Signing Requests and several other tasks you'd normally being doing on the command line.


Please visit the Aperture product page for more details:  https://www.rhpconsult.com/aperture.html.


As always, comments and suggestions are appreciated!


HCL Notes/Domino 11.0.1 Preview now available

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Friday February 28, 2020 at 09:37AM in Technology


If you were a Notes/Domino 11 beta participant, the 11.0.1 preview is now available.  Use your existing links to access the downloads from FlexNet and the beta forum.


Important webinar for Domino 11 ...

by Richard Pajerski


Posted on Friday August 02, 2019 at 01:59PM in Technology


is right around the corner (August 7, 2019):  https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/5645329603541153035

Looking forward to hearing about the roadmap and how to sign up for the beta.